Parts Of A Sewing Machine

All the sewing machines are different from each other but each one of them has similar parts. If you are unable to identify the parts and their working in a sewing machine then make sure you read till the end.

Bobbin and Bobbin Case

The bobbin is the part of the sewing machine that is wound with thread. The function of the bobbin is to make provide a thread to the machine for making stitches. And the bobbin case is the case that holds the bobbin.

The side plate is the part of the sewing machine that is used to provide access to the bobbin. A side plate is also known as a bobbin cover.

Side Plate

Presser Foot

The presser foot of a sewing machine is located near the needle. And the function of a presser foot is to keep the fabric in its place while sewing. There are multiple types of the presser foot, different feet are used on different fabrics.

Needle And Needle Clamp


The needle is the part of the sewing machine that sews the fabric. Most needles are removable, and they come in a variety of sizes. The needle clamp is also near the needle and the function of the needle clamp is to hold the needle in place.

It is a metal plate that is located below the needle, it is also known as a needle plate. There is a small opening in the throat plate from where the bobbin thread comes out and the needle passes to make stitches. A throat plate can be removed.

Throat Plate

Feed Dog

Feed dogs are small rubber or metal teeth and are located underneath the presser foot of the sewing machine. The function of the feed dogs is to pull the fabric between the throat plate and the presser foot. The stitch length is also regulated by feed dogs, controlling how much fabric will pass through at once.

Tension Regulator 

The tension regulators in a sewing machine are used to control the tension in the top thread. It is very to set the tension properly to get neat and uniform stitches.


Sewists need to know about the different parts of the sewing machine. The parts explained above were the parts which are the same in each sewing machine. We hope it would have helped in enhancing your knowledge.